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Nov 29, 2006

Windows 2000 Tips & Trik

Perhatian : sebelum merubah registry , backuplah terlebih dahulu agar terhindar dari hal-hal yang tidak diinginkan.

  • AutoComplete For Command Prompt

  • This tip avoids headaches when using the command prompt console. It'll turn on the auto-complete feature so when you type 'cd d' and hit the tab key, the console will display the list of folders that begin with the 'd' letter, and you'll be able to choose the one you're looking for, right from the console instead of typing its path. To enable AutoComplete, follow these steps:

    1. Log on as Administrator
    2. Click on the Start button and select Run
    3. Type in 'regedit' and click OK
    4. Look for this key:
    "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Micorosft\Command Processor"
    5. In the right pane double-click on 'CompletionChar'
    6. Type in '9' and click OK
    7. Close regedit.

  • Boot Programs Automatically

  • You can have Windows automatically start a program when booting your computer by right-clicking on the Start button and selecting 'Explore'. Double-click on 'Programs' then 'Startup'. Any shortcut in this folder will automatically be started whenever you start your computer. To create a shortcut, click on 'file->New->Shortcut' and follow the prompts.

  • Boot Users From Your Computer

  • If you set up folders for sharing, you can see who is accessing those folders and kick any of them off at any time. Click on the Start button, point to Settings, and click on Control Panel. Double-click on the 'Administrative' icon. Double-click 'Computer Management', then 'Shared Folders'. Click on 'Sessions', then right-click on the name of the user you want to kick off and select 'Close Session'.

    Note: Any files that are being accessed by a user when they are disconnected could be damaged, so be sure to do this when they are not connected.

  • Capturing The Screen
  • To get a screen shot of your Desktop, arrange the screen display the way you want it then press the 'Print Screen' key then click inside the program where you want to paste the the image and press 'Ctrl+V'. You can capture only the active window by pressing the 'Alt' key while pressing the 'Print Screen' key.

  • Disabling The Task Manager
  • To disable the Task Manager in Windows 2000, click on the Start button and select Run. Type in 'regedit' and press OK. Now look for this String:

    In the right pane, right-click on an empty space and select 'New->DWord Value' then name it 'DisableTaskMgr' and press Enter. Now, right-click on the new value and select 'Modify'. In the 'Value Data' box, change the 0 to a 1 and press OK. Restart your computer for the changes to take effect. To re-enable the Task Manager, change the 'Value Data' back to 0.

  • Enable Internet Connection Sharing
  • ICS (Internet Connection Sharing) lets you split an internet connection amoung several networked PC's without having to buy seperate router hardware. The PC with the internet connection must be turned on before the other computers on the network can access the connection and a second network card must be installed on the host computer. To enable ICS, click on the Start button, point to 'Settings', then click on 'Network And Dial-Up Connections'. Right-click on the 'Local Area Connection' entry that corresponds to the network card where the internet connection comes into your computer. Click on 'Properties', Select the 'Sharing' tab, and check the 'Enable Internet Connection Sharing For This Connection' checkbox.

  • Enabling Hibernation
  • When you select Hibernation from the Shutdown menu, all of your applications as well as their location on your desktop come up the next time you start up your computer. To enable Hibernation, follow these steps:

    1. Go to 'Start->Settings->Control Panel'
    2. Click on the 'Power Options' icon
    3. Click on the 'Hibernate' tab
    4. Check the 'Enable Hibernation Support' checkbox

    Since Hibernation takes what is in memory and writes it to disk, the amount of hard drive space needed is the same as the amount of memory you have.

  • Find The Size Of A Program
  • If you want to see the size of a program on your hard drive, go to 'My Computer->C:->Program Files'. Right-click on the programs folder and select 'Properties'. The 'Size On Disk' will tell you the approximate size of the program, not including any files that may be stored elsewhere on your computer.

  • Gain More Speed
  • To gain a little more speed, go into the Display Applet and click on the 'Effects' tab. Under 'Visual Effects', disable everything but 'Show Icons Using All Possible Colors'. This will speed up menus and a few other things.

  • Manage User Password Policies
  • The Windows 2000 Local Security Policy Defines how passwords behave. You can improve system security by configuring passwords to expire periodically and making users specify new ones, increasing the required length of a password, and specifing whether failed login attempts disable a user's account. Click on the Start button, point to Settings, and click on Control Panel. Double-click on 'Administrative Tools' then 'Local Security Policy'. In the 'Security Settings' folder, look in the 'Accounts Policy' section to get to the 'Password Policy' settings.

  • Rename The My Computer Icon
  • To rename the My Computer icon to the name of the user that is logged on, follow these steps:

    1. Start Regedit
    2. Look for this key:
    3. Change 'My Computer' at the end of this line:
    @C:\WINNT\system32\shell32.dll,-9216@1033,My Computer
    4. Press the F5 key to refresh the desktop
    and the new name will show up.

  • Speed Up DOS Sessions

  • If you are using any DOS programs in the Windows DOS session box, there are a few things you can do to increase their performance and/or stability. Right-click on the programs MS-DOS shortcut and select 'Properties' then:

    1. Click on the 'Screen' tab and check 'Full Screen'
    2. Click on the 'Program' tab and uncheck 'Windows NT' if the program does not require it
    3. Click on the 'Program' tab and uncheck 'Compatible Timer Hardware'
    4. Click on the 'Misc' tab and uncheck 'Idle Detection'.

  • Speed Up Your NIC

  • Sometimes the automatic settings do not let a NIC (Network Interface Card) operate at full speed. Change the settings manually by clicking on the Start button, pointing to 'Settings', then clicking on 'Network And Dial-Up Connections'. Right-click on 'Local Area Connection' then click on 'Properties'. Click 'Configure', select the 'Advanced' tab, then click on the 'Duplex Mode' or 'Media Type' entries to access their related Value drop-down menus.

  • Tone Down Visual Effects

  • If your computer is running slower than usual, your system may be bogged down by excessive visual effects. To get a perkier Windows, right-click on an empty space on the Desktop and select 'Properties' then click on the 'Effects' tab. Start unchecking items in the Visual Effects box at the bottom of the dialog box until you find the right balance and speed.

  • Unhide The Hidden Components

  • In another display of protecting you from yourself, Microsoft decided to hide some of the components in the Add/Remove programs wizard so that you have to take extra steps to be able to remove them. Here's the trick to seeing them all. Open a file called 'sysoc.inf' with Notepad. This file is in the 'winnt\inf' folder. Everywhere you see a line with the word 'HIDE' in it, that component will not show up in the 'Components Wizard'. To make them show up, simply remove the word 'HIDE' from the line, leaving the comma before and the comma after the word in place. Save the file, and now when you open the Components Wizard in Add/Remove Programs from the Control Panel, you should see all of the components that you are used to seeing.

  • Using Encrypting File Sharing

  • Windows uses EFS (Encrypting File System) to protect sensitive files from unauthorized viewing. In Windows Explorer right-click on the file or folder you want to encrypt and select 'Properties'. Select the 'General' tab and click on the 'Advanced' button. Check the 'Encrypt Contents To Secure Data' checkbox.

    Note: You will not be able to share or compress any encrypted files or folders.

  • Windows 2000 Command References

  • If you want quick access to all the commands you can run with Windows 2000, run the following command line: hh.exe mk:@MSITStore:C\WINNT\Help\windows.chm::/ntcmds.htm

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